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vLFkk;h ifjlj 

   orZeku esa Hkk-izkS-la- tks/kiqj nks vLFkk;h ifjljksa ls dk;Z dj jgk gS] uker%
1- vLFkk;h 'kSf{kd ifjlj% ;g tks/kiqj jsyos LVs'ku ls yxHkx 4 fdyksehVj vkSj tks/kiqj gokbZ vìs ls 3 fdyksehVj dh nwjh ij vksYM jsthMsalh jksM] jkrkUkkMk fLFkr ,e-ch-,e- bathfu;fjax d‚yst ds ifjljksa ls Lora= :i ls dk;Z dj jgk gSA
2- vLFkk;h vkoklh; ifjlj% Hkk-izkS-la- tks/kiqj esa ¼v½ th-ih-vkj-,- vkoklh; ifjlj] U;w ikyh jksM] tks/kiqj vkSj ¼c½ ch-,l-,u-,y- vkoklh; ifjlj] lqHkk"k uxj] tks/kiqj esa fLFkr nks vkoklh; ifjlj gSaA th-ih-vkj-,- ifjlj 'kSf{kd ifjlj ls yxHkx 14 fdyksehVj dh nwjh ij U;w ikyh jksM ij fLFkr gS vkSj ;g yxHkx 600 ch-Vsd- yM+dksa vkSj lHkh Nk=kvksa dks vkokl çnku djrk gSA lkFk gh] ;g ladk; lnL;ksa] LVkQ lnL;ksa vkSj muds ifjokj ds lnL;ksa lfgr Hkk-izkS-la- leqnk; ds yxHkx 150 vU; lnL;ksa dks Hkh vkokl çnku djrk gSA nwljh vksj ch-,l-,u-,y- ifjlj 'kgj ds e/; esa fLFkr gS vkSj ;g yxHkx 150 iq#"k ,e-Vsd- vkSj ih,p-Mh- Nk=ksa dks vkokl çnku djrk gSA bl ifjlj esa fookfgr Nk=ksa ds fy, lhfer vkokl miyC/k gSaA

 

 

1- vLFkk;h 'kSf{kd ifjlj 
orZeku esa Hkk-izkS-la- tks/kiqj ds 'kSf{kd ifjlj esa rhu Cy‚d 'kkfey gSa] uker%
¼d½ 'kSf{kd Cy‚d 1% blesa fofHkUu ç;ksx'kkyk,a] iqLrdky;] ,d dEI;wVj dsaæ vkSj dqN ladk; lnL;ksa ds dk;kZy; gSA
¼[k½ 'kSf{kd Cy‚d 2% blesa ysDpj g‚y] f'k{k.k] Hkk"kk ç;ksx'kkyk vkSj eYVhehfM;k ç;ksx'kkyk gSA
¼x½ ç'kklfud Cy‚d% blesa funs'kky;] ç'kklfud dk;kZy;] rduhdh ç;ksx'kkyk,a vkSj dqN ladk; lnL;ksa ds dk;kZy; gSA
         blds vfrfjä 'kSf{kd ifjlj esa ç;ksx'kkykvksa vkSj vU; dk;kZy; LFkku tSls fofHkUu mís';ksa ds fy, dqN vLFkk;h volajpuk ekStwn gSA Hkk-izkS-la- tks/kiqj us f'k{k.k rFkk 'kks/k ds fy, vPNh 'kSf{kd lqfo/kk,a LFkkfir dh gSA laLFkku esa lqlfTtr ç;ksx'kkyk,a vkSj ,d iqLrdky; gSA
1-1 ç;ksx'kkyk,a vkSj 'kks/k lqfo/kk,a
         Hkk-izkS-la- tks/kiqj }kjk vk/kqfud f'k{k.k ,oa 'kks/k ç;ksx'kkykvksa dh LFkkiuk dh xbZ gSA bu çksUur ç;ksx'kkykvksa esa varjkZ"Vªh; ekudksa dh e'khusa vkSj midj.k gS ftudk 'kks/k esa lfØ; :i ls mi;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA çeq[k ç;ksx'kkykvksa esa ghV VªkalQj] ¶ywbM eSdsfuDl] bysDVª‚fud lfdZV ç;ksx'kkyk] jkscksfVDl] bysDVªkseSdsfudy ,uthZ dUotZu ç;ksx'kkyk vkSj lksyj jsfM,'ku 'kkfey gSA
1-2 iqLrdky;
         iqLrdky; esa ikB~î&iqLrdksa] 'kks/k ,oa lanHkZ iqLrdksa] eksuksxzkQ bR;kfn dks 'kkfey djrs gq, yxHkx 12000 iqLrdksa dk laxzg gSA blds vfrfjä] ;g iqLrdky; O;kolkf;d ,oa fo}r lkslk;fV;ksa rFkk çdk'kdksa tSls fd vesfjdu lkslk;Vh Q‚j eSdsfudy bathfu;lZ] bysfDVªdy ,oa bysDVª‚fuDl bathfu;lZ laLFkku rFkk daI;wfVax e'khujh la?k bR;kfn ls bysDVª‚fud lalk/kuksa dh Js.kh rd igqap çnku djrk gSA lkFk gh] ;g lkbQkbaMj] eSFklkbusV] ts,lVhvksvkj] çksol vkSj bZch,llhvks 'kSf{kd vuqla/kku tSls yksdfç; oSKkfud] 'kks/k rFkk vfHkys[kh; vkadM+s Hkh eaxokrk gSA
         ;g iqLrdky; Lopkfyr lnL; ,oa ifjpkyu lsokvksa vkSj fMthVy iqLrdky; lsokvksa ds lkFk ,d daI;wVh—r okrkoj.k esa dke djrk gSA lnL;rk] ifjpkyu] lanHkZ ,oa lwpuk lsok] vkarfjd iqLrdky; _.k vkSj nLrkost nsus laca/kh lsok,a] orZeku tkx:drk lsok] fMthVy iqLrdky; lsok orZeku esa çnku dh tkus okyh dqN egRoiw.kZ lsokvksa esa ls gSA library.iitj.ac.in 
   
2- vLFkk;h vkoklh; ifjlj
2-1 th-ih-vkj-,- vkoklh; ifjlj
         eq[; vkoklh; {ks= U;w ikyh jksM] foosd fogkj] tks/kiqj esa jsyos LVs'ku ls yxHkx 20 fdyksehVj dh nwjh ij lqanj ifjlj esa fLFkr gSA ;g ifjlj iwjh rjg ls lqjf{kr gS vkSj okbZ&QkbZ] euksjatu d{k vkSj ,d daI;wVj dsaæ lfgr ewy lqfo/kkvksa ls lqlfTtr gSA lkFk gh] vkoklh; ifjlj laLFkku ds ladk; lnL;ksa vkSj LVkQ lnL;ksa ds fy, vkokl çnku djrk gSA laLFkku vkSj vkoklh; ifjlj ds chp ifjogu lqfo/kk miyC/k gSA
2-2 ch-,l-,u-,y- vkoklh; ifjlj
         nwljk vkoklh; ifjlj lqHkk"k uxj esa iky fyad jksM ij ch-,l-,u-,y- d‚yksuh esa fLFkr gSA ch-,l-,u-,y- d‚yksuh esa vke ekSfyd lqfo/kk,a miyC/k gSA laLFkku vkSj ch-,l-,u-,y- ifjlj ds chp ifjogu lqfo/kk miyC/k gSA lHkh iq#"k ,e-Vsd- vkSj ih,p-Mh- ds Nk= rFkk dqN fookfgr Nk=ksa dks bl vkoklh; ifjlj esa LFkku fn;k x;k gSA
2-3 miyC/k lqfo/kk,a
  bu vkoklh; ifjlj esa miyC/k dqN ewy lqfo/kk,a fuEufyf[kr gSa %
¼d½ ,Vh,e vkSj cSad% vkoklh; {ks= esa ,lchvkbZ ¼Hkkjrh; LVsV cSad½ dh ,d 'kk[kk vkSj ,lchvkbZ dk ,d ,Vh,e gS tks Nk=ksa ds fy, ljy ysu&nsu lqdj cukrk gSA 'kSf{kd {ks= ds utnhd dbZ vU; cSad Hkh gSa] uker%] ;wdks] ,pMh,Qlh vkSj ,lchchtsA
¼[k½ dSaVhu% nks dSaVhu gSa ftuesa ls ,d vkoklh; ifjlj esa gS vkSj nwljh 'kSf{kd ifjlj esa gSA ;s Nk=ksa dks LoPN Hkkstu] rkts twl vkSj fofHkUu vU; LusDl çnku djrh gSA
¼x½ ftEusft+;e% vkoklh; ifjlj esa ,d lqlfTtr ftEusft;e gS tks çkr% 5 cts ls lka; 10 cts rd [kqyk gksrk gSA Nk= LoLFk jgus vkSj vius 'kkjhfjd xBu dks cuk, j[kus ds fy, bu lqfo/kkvksa dk ykHk mBk ldrs gSA
¼?k½ Hkkstu lqfo/kk% nks Hkkstu'kkyk lqfo/kk,a gSa] ,d vkoklh; ifjlj esa vkSj nwljh 'kSf{kd ifjlj esaA Hkkstu'kkyk vPNh xq.koÙkk okyk Hkkstu çnku djrh gS ftudh LoPNrk vkSj iks"kd ewY; ds fy, okMZu }kjk fu;fer fuxjkuh dh tkrh gS vkSj bUgsa oguh; ykxr ij çnku fd;k tkrk gSA
¼³½ nqdkusa% Nk=ksa dh fofHkUu çkFkfed vko';drkvksa dks iwjk djus ds fy, 'kSf{kd ifjlj ds utnhd nqdkusa ekStwn gSaA vkdfLed [kjhn ds fy, thihvkj, ifjlj ds Hkhrj ,d y?kq vkmVysV dk;Z dj jgk gSA
¼p½ ifjogu lqfo/kk% laLFkku esa vkoklh; vkSj 'kSf{kd ifjlj ds chp laLFkku ds Nk=ksa ds fy, fu;fer varjky ij pyus okyh cl lsok miyC/k gSA
¼N½ euksjatu d{k% çR;sd Nk=kokl esa vkarfjd [ksyksa ¼tSls fd Vscy Vsful vkSj dSje½ ds lkFk euksjatu lqfo/kk,a ¼tSls fd Vhoh d{k tgka Nk= eSp dk vkuan mBk ldrs gS vkSj fQYesa ns[k ldrs gS½ miyC/k gSaA
2-4 fpfdRlk lsok,a
         nksuksa vkoklh; ifjljksa esa lkekU; LokLF; lsokvksa ds fy, LokLF; dsaæ miyC/k gSaA buds vfrfjä 'kSf{kd ifjlj esa Hkh l= ds nkSjku lka; 3 cts ls lka; 4-30 cts rd fpfdRlk lgk;rk miyC/k gSA laLFkku esa 24 ?kaVs ,Ecwysal lsok Hkh miyC/k gSA LokLF; dsaæksa ds vfrfjä laLFkku us tks/kiqj 'kgj ds 5 vLirkyksa vkSj t;iqj esa 2 vLirkyksa dks iSuyc) fd;k gSA lkFk gh] 'kgj ds vf[ky Hkkjrh; vk;qfoZKku laLFkku ¼,-vkbZ-vkbZ-,e-,l] tks/kiqj½ dh lsok;sa Hkh miyC/k gSaA laLFkku us fpfdRlk d‚ystksa rFkk ,El ds ofj"B M‚DVjksa dks 'kkfey djrs gq, ,d fpfdRlk cksMZ dk xBu fd;k gS ftuls LokLF; dsaæ rFkk vkdfLed fpfdRlk ekeyksa esa fpfdRlk lsokvksa dh o`f) ds fy, lykg yh tkrh gSA​
   

    

 

 
 
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